The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that there are 500,000 cases of pneumonia annually in the United States, with 40,000 of those ending in death. Bacterial pneumonia mainly causes illness in children under 2 years old and adults 65 years of age and older

What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs caused by infection. Many different organisms can cause it, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

Risk factors for pneumonia include:

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Chronic lung disease (COPD, Bronchiectasis, or Cystic Fibrosis)
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Difficulty swallowing (due to stroke, dementia, Parkinson’s disease, or other neurological conditions).
  • Living in a nursing facility
  • Other serious illnesses, such as heart disease, liver cirrhosis, or diabetes mellitus
  • Recent surgery or trauma
  • Recent viral respiratory infection (common cold, laryngitis, or influenza)

In some people, particularly the elderly and those who are debilitated, bacterial pneumonia may follow influenza or even a common cold.

Symptoms of Pneumonia

The main symptoms of pneumonia are:

  • Cough with green or yellow mucus
  • Fever with shaking and chills
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sharp or stabbing chest pain worsened by deep breathing or coughing
  • Rapid, shallow breathing

Additional symptoms include:

  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Confusion in older people
  • Excessive sweating and clammy skin

Managing Pneumonia

Many people can be treated at home for pneumonia. If bacteria are causing the pneumonia, antibiotics will be used to treat it. If the cause is a virus, your doctor may use antiviral medication. In addition, follow these steps:

  • Control your fever
  • Get plenty of rest
  • Do not take cough medicines without talking to your doctor.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to help loosen bring up phlegm

How our Home Care Team can help

We provide seniors with a range of personal care services to promote health and independence, making it possible for the elderly to age where they want to age⁠—at home.

Our services are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, including weekends and holidays. With our personalized care plans, our clients choose the amount and type of care they prefer.

Private Duty Services

Our services include but are not limited to:

  • Supervising overall care on a regular basis
  • Providing assistance with activities of daily living
  • Assisting with personal care
  • Assisting with exercise and mobility
  • Reminding clients to take medications
  • Keeping records
  • Preparing meals
  • Doing laundry
  • Shopping for groceries
  • Running errands
  • Escorting clients to appointments
  • Providing companionship and conversation
  • Providing respite care
  • Assisting clients with confusion, disorientation, or mental health issues
  • Light housekeeping
  • And many more!

Care Management

Our care management solutions include but are not limited to:

  • Initial assessment and routine evaluation to develop a Plan of Care
  • Coordination, communication, and collaboration with the care team and the family
  • Providing education about treatment options and serving as a resource to clients and their families
  • And many more!
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